Algeria Country Facts

Algeria Country Facts
Official Name: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Alternate Name(s): Algeria

Capital City: Algiers

Algeria Flag
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Flag: Two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)

Date of Independence: July 5, 1962 (from France)

National Anthem: Qassaman (The Pledge)

Population: 32,818,500 people

Size/Area: 2,381,740 sq km slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

Land Locked: No

Coastline: 998 km

Bordering Countries: Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara

Administrative Divisions: 48 provinces - Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen

Major Cities: Annâbah, Bâtnah, al-Jazâ´ir, Jilfah, Qustantînah, Satîf, Sîdî ban-al-´Abbas, Tibissah, Wahrân

Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Algeria MapMajor Holidays: Independence Day, July 5. Anniversary of independence from France in 1962.
Revolution Day, November 1. Commemorates the first well coordinated attacks on Nov 1, 1954, begun by the National Liberation Front, against French-operated military installations, public utilities, and communications facilities.
National Day, June 19. Anniversary of the overthrow of Mohammed Ben Bella in a bloodless coup d'état in 1965. New Year's Day, Leilat al-Meiraj, first day of Ramadan, Id al-Fitr, Labor Day (May 1), Id al-Adha, Islamic New Year, Ashora, Mouloud.

Currency: Dinar

Currency Code: DZD

Highest Point: Tahat 3,003 m

Lowest Point: Chott Melrhir -40 m

Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea

Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Major Industries: Petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

Major Agricultural Products: Wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus fruits, sheep, cattle

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Native Animals: Barbary lion, wild mouflons, Barbary deer, wild boars, Barbary apes, storks, flamingos, gazelles, fennecs, hyenas, and jackals, gerbils, desert hare, scorpions

Native Plants: holm oak, cork oak, conifers, juniper, cedar, laurel, rosemary, thyme, gorse, lavender, sage, esparto grass, Barbary fig, date palm, drinn, cram-cram, ethels, acacia, jujube trees

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