Albania - Facts and Information
Long Name: Republic of Albania
Short Name (local): Shqiperia
Long Name (local): Republika e Shqiperise
Member of European Union: No
International Dialing Code: +355
Capital City: Tirana
Foreign Embassies in Albania: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Albanian(s), Adjective - Albanian
Government Type: Emerging democracy
Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, and Macedonian or Bulgarian) (1989 est.); other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization) in 1989
Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10% (percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice)
Languages: Albanian (official - Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Monetary Unit: 1 lek = 100 qindars
Area: 28,748 sq km - slightly smaller than Maryland
Climate: Mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Population: 3,544,808 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 1.04 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 28.2 years, male 27.6 years, female 28.7 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 77.06 years, male 74.37 years, female 80.02 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.51% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: -4.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line: 30% (2001 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 15.8% officially; may be as high as 30% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$1,740 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: textiles and footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco
Export Partners: Italy 73.2%, Germany 5%, Greece 4.3% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals
Import Partners: Italy 37.9%, Greece 21.3%, Turkey 5.9%, Germany 5.4% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower
Public Television: Albanian TV (RTSh)
Public Radio: Albanian Radio (RTSh)
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
This site needs an editor - click to learn more!
You Should Also Read:
More on Albania
More on Eastern Europe
Greece - Facts and Information
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Content copyright © 2019 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.