Greece - Facts and Information
Long Name: Hellenic Republic
Short Name (local): Ellas or Ellada
Long Name (local): Elliniki Dhimokratia
Member of European Union: Yes, 1981
International Dialing Code: +30
National Tourist Office: Greek National Tourism Organization
Foreign Embassies in Greece: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Capital City: Athens
Nationality: Noun - Greek(s), Adjective - Greek
Government Type: Parliamentary republic; monarchy rejected by referendum 8 December 1974
Ethnic Groups: Greek 98%, other 2%
Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
Languages: Greek 99% (official), English, French
Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents
Area: 131,940 sq km – slightly smaller than Alabama
Climate: Temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
Population: 10,647,529 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 40.2 years, male 39.1 years, female 41.3 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 78.94 years, male 76.44 years, female 81.59 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.2% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 2.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 9.4% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$13,720 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles
Export Partners: Germany 12.6%, Italy 10.5%, UK 7%, US 6.5%, Bulgaria 6.2%, Cyprus 4.8%, France 4.2%, Turkey 4% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Import Partners: Germany 12.5%, Italy 12.2%, France 6.6%, Russia 6.1%, South Korea 5.4%, US 5.2%, Netherlands 5.2%, Japan 4.3%, UK 4.2% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
Public Television: ERT
Public Radio: ERA
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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