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The Causes of the Peloponnesian War
The reasons behind the Peloponnesian War were both political and a failure of diplomacy.
Rome's Failure with Masada
The main victory of taking over Jerusalem was what Vaspasian marched into Rome in celebration of. He and his son had let the world know that no one could revolt against Rome. Masada was a minor nuisance in the final cleanup.
The Siege of Masada
Overall, the way Rome administered Judaea did not change much despite the rotation of emperors. Many of the changes occurred on the Jewish side as there were rumors rippling through the land of a Messiah to save them from foreign rule.
Rome and Masada
The fall of Rome has been widely discussed and written on. Various reasons can be given, including the introduction of Christianity into the Empire, and the internal strife that resulted in many civil wars.
Roman Military and the Marian Reforms
In the early Republican Army, the military service allowed only those with a set level of property possession to participate in campaigns. This limited the number of men who could serve regardless of age and health. When this rule was first implemented, it served a two prong purpose.
Greek Versus Persian Military
When the Persian and Greek armies clashed for the very first time, the strengths of each side pushed the enemy forward while the weaknesses pulled them back. Each individual strength and weakness would become very important in determining the outcome of each battle.
Understanding the Success of Hannibal
Why was Hannibal so successful against Rome yet could not win?
Leading Up to the Roman Revolution
Prior to 133, Rome had expanded through various conquests. These conquests brought in additional lands, people, and the need for more soldiers. It was also during this time that the interest of the state was being usurped by self-interest within the oligarchy.
The Weakening of Rome by Marius and Sulla
The mention of Rome brings about images of armies, government, and strength. History shows that it was these very three things that not only made the Republic but also weakened it. Various men played roles in this action including that of Marius and Sulla.
Bronze Age or Dark Age - The Iliad?
Homer, in The Iliad, was clearly writing of a time prior to the Dark Ages. It was during the Mycenaean period that sea travel was huge and the areas were growing. The Dark Ages were a time where much of the advances died or decreased compared to the former glory of the Bronze Age.
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