Spain - Facts and Information
Long Name: Kingdom of Spain
Short Name (local): Espana
Member of European Union: Yes, 1986
International Dialing Code: +34
Capital City: Madrid
National Tourist Office: Turespaña, OK Spain (USA)
Foreign Embassies in Spain: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Spaniard(s), Adjective - Spanish
Government Type: Parliamentary monarchy
Ethnic Groups: Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
Languages: Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally
Monetary Unit: 1 Euro = 100 cents
Area: 504,782 sq km – slightly more than twice the size of Oregon
Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
Population: 40,280,780 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 39.1 years, male 37.8 years, female 40.5 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 79.37 years, male 76.03 years, female 82.94 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.16% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 0.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 11.3% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$16,990 (2003, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Machinery, motor vehicles; foodstuffs, other consumer goods
Export Partners: France 19.2%, Germany 11.9%, Italy 9.7%, UK 9.4%, Portugal 9.3%, US 4.2% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, semifinished goods; foodstuffs, consumer goods
Import Partners: France 16.8%, Germany 16.6%, Italy 8.8%, UK 6.5%, Netherlands 4.9% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
Public Television: TVE
Public Radio: RNE
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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