logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Full Schedule
g
g Spanish Language Site

BellaOnline's Spanish Language Editor

g

Spanish verbs types and conjugations


Previous article "Introduccion to the Spanish Subjunctive mood" included information about the use of the subjunctive in Spanish and some examples.

And now it is time to learn about the subjunctive conjugation for regular verbs. But before that, I think it would be useful to offer you a general overview about Spanish verbs. This way, you'll have a clear idea about conjugations and types of verbs, which will make it easier to understand how conjugations work.

Some notes about Spanish verbs
There are three main types of verbs in Spanish:
  • Infinitives ending in -ar (i.e. amar, cantar, hablar) --> First Conjugation verbs

  • Infinitives ending in -er (i.e. comer, beber, hacer) --> Second Conjugation verbs

  • Infinitives ending in -ir (i.e. vivir, sentir, decir) --> Third Conjugation verbs
(An infinitive is the form of a verb not conjugated, as in English "to eat" ("comer"), "to walk" ("andar"), etc… )

Another verbs classification: Regular and Irregular verbs.
An irregular verb does not follow the general conjugating rules.

For example, the verb "vivir" (to live), where "viv-" is the stem, and "-ir" is the infinitive ending.
When conjugating a verb, we use the stem of the verb (in this case, "viv-") and add the corresponding ending. These are the third conjugation (-ir) regular endings for the present indicative:

Yo vivo
Tú vives
Él / Ella / Usted vive

Nosotros / nosotras vivimos
Vosotros / vosotras vivís
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes viven

("Vivir" is a regular verb.)

I have recorded this present tense indicative conjugation, for the verb "vivir". Click here to listen to the recording.

But there are other verbs, irregular verbs, not following these rules. For example, the verb "decir". It is irregular as, in fact, its present indicative conjugation is:

Yo digo
dices
Él / Ella / Usted dice

Nosotros / Nosotras decimos
Vosotros / Vosotras decís
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes dicen

I have marked stems in red, so you can see the infinitive stem (dec-) is only present in "decimos" and "decís". (dec-imos - dec-ís). The rest varies: "dig-o" and "dic-". That's why "decir" is an irregular verb for the present indicative.

I have recorded this present tense indicative conjugation, for the verb "decir". Click here to listen to the recording.

So now that we can identify verb conjugations and know about regular and irregular verbs, it is time to learn more about Spanish subjunctive.

Spanish subjunctive conjugation for regular verbs
Spanish Subjunctive tenses are:
  • Present subjunctive (Presente de subjuntivo)

  • Past subjunctive (Pretérito imperfect / Pretérito de subjuntivo)

  • Future subjunctive (Futuro de subjuntivo)
On oncoming articles we'll be learning how to conjugate these three tenses, listening to more recordings and having some subjunctive exercises.
Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Twitter Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Facebook Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to MySpace Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Del.icio.us Digg Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Yahoo My Web Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Google Bookmarks Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Stumbleupon Add Spanish+verbs+types+and+conjugations to Reddit




Introduction to the Spanish subjunctive mood
¡Feliz año 2012! – Spanish subjunctive
¡Feliz año 2012!
RSS
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Spanish Language Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Angeles Fernández. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Angeles Fernández. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Angeles Fernández for details.

g


g features
Site of the month. www.ver-taal.com

Colors in Spanish. Exercises

Describing photos in Spanish. El perro lector.

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor