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Spanish present subjunctive. Regular verbs


Previous Spanish subjunctive article Spanish verbs types and conjugations included the list of Spanish Subjunctive tenses:
  • Present subjunctive (Presente de subjuntivo)
  • Past subjunctive (Pretérito imperfecto / Pretérito de subjuntivo)
  • Future subjunctive (Futuro de subjuntivo)
This article includes information about the conjugation in Spanish of the present subjunctive for regular verbs and a link to an audio recording with the subjunctive conjugations (present tense) of "amar", "beber" and "vivir".

Present subjunctive conjugation
Let's choose a regular verb belonging to the first conjugation (-ar): "Amar" (to love) and compare both present tenses, indicative and subjunctive:

AMAR
Present Indicative
Present Subjunctive
yo
él / ella / ud.

nosotros / nosotras
vosotros / vosotras / uds.
ellos / ellas
amo
amas
ama

amamos
amáis
aman
ame
ames
ame

amemos
améis
amen


Except for the first person singular (yo) which ends in -o, the rest of the endings include vowel "a" for the present indicative. This vowel "a" changes to "e" in all persons for the present subjunctive. (See the endings in bold)
a ==> e
(And first person ending -o also changes to -e for the present subjunctive.)

Now, let's compare a second conjugation, regular verb: "Beber" (to drink).

BEBER
Present Indicative
Present Subjunctive
yo
él / ella / ud.

nosotros / nosotras
vosotros / vosotras / uds.
ellos / ellas
bebo
bebes
bebe

bebemos
bebéis
beben
beba
bebas
beba

bebamos
bebáis
beban

As you can see, the first person singular (yo) of the present indicative is also ending in -o, but the rest of the endings include vowel "e". So, for the present subjunctive, all these "e" endings in the present indicative change to vowel "a" endings for the present subjunctive.
e ==> a
(And first person ending -o also changes to -a for the present subjunctive.)

And finally, let's compare a third conjugation regular verb: "Vivir" (To live):

VIVIR
Present Indicative
Present Subjunctive
yo
él / ella / ud.

nosotros / nosotras
vosotros / vosotras / uds.
ellos / ellas
vivo
vives
vive

vivimos
vivís
viven
viva
vivas
viva

vivamos
viváis
vivan

If you compare the present tense indicative of "beber" and "vivir", you'll notice their endings are almost the same. The only difference is the endings in first and second persons plural:

BEBER ==> Nosotros bebemos
VIVIR ==> Nosotros vivimos

BEBER ==> Vosotros bebéis
VIVIR ==> Vosotros vivís

But they have something in common: The present subjunctive endings for both verbs (that is, both conjugations in this case) include vowel "a". So, for both conjugations, second and third, we can say that:
e ==> a
(And first person ending -o also changes to -a for the present subjunctive.)


To listen to these verbs audio recording, click here.



If you learn these patterns, you'll be able to conjugate any Spanish regular verb in the present subjunctive.

If you want to learn more about Spanish subjunctive conjugation, this book can help you: Practice Makes Perfect: The Spanish Subjunctive Up Close (Practice Makes Perfect Series)
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Spanish verbs types and conjugations
Introduction to the Spanish subjunctive mood
¡Feliz año 2012! – Spanish subjunctive
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Content copyright © 2014 by Angeles Fernández. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Angeles Fernández. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Angeles Fernández for details.

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