Albania - Facts and Information

Albania - Facts and Information
Short Name: Albania

Long Name: Republic of Albania

Short Name (local): Shqiperia

Long Name (local): Republika e Shqiperise

Member of European Union: No

International Dialing Code: +355

Capital City: Tirana

Foreign Embassies in Albania: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Albanian(s), Adjective - Albanian

Government Type: Emerging democracy

Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, and Macedonian or Bulgarian) (1989 est.); other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization) in 1989

Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10% (percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice)

Languages: Albanian (official - Tosk is the official dialect), Greek

Monetary Unit: 1 lek = 100 qindars

Area: 28,748 sq km - slightly smaller than Maryland

Climate: Mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

Population: 3,544,808 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 1.04 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 28.2 years, male 27.6 years, female 28.7 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 77.06 years, male 74.37 years, female 80.02 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.51% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: -4.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line: 30% (2001 est.)

Unemployment Rate: 15.8% officially; may be as high as 30% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$1,740 (2003, World Bank)

Export Commodities: textiles and footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco

Export Partners: Italy 73.2%, Germany 5%, Greece 4.3% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals

Import Partners: Italy 37.9%, Greece 21.3%, Turkey 5.9%, Germany 5.4% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

Public Television: Albanian TV (RTSh)

Public Radio: Albanian Radio (RTSh)

Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City

Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of

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