Cyprus - Facts and Information
Long Name: Republic of Cyprus (the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus)
Member of European Union: Yes, 2004
International Dialing Code: +357
Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia to Greek Cypriots, Lefkosa to Turkish Cypriots
National Tourist Office: Cyprus Tourism Organization
Foreign Embassies in Cyprus: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.
Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.
Nationality: Noun - Cypriot(s), Adjective -Cypriot
Government Type: Republic; a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 after a Greek junta-based coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly support a settlement based on a federation (Greek Cypriot position) or confederation (Turkish Cypriot position)
Ethnic Groups: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
Monetary Unit: 1 Cyprus pound = 100 cents; Turkish lira used in north
Area: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area) - about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
Climate: Temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Population: 775,927 (July 2004 est.)
Sex Ratio: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Median Age: 34.4 years, male 33.4 years, female 35.5 years (2004 est.)
Life Expectancy: 77.46 years, male 75.11 years, female 79.92 years (2004 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.55% (2004 est.)
Net Migration Rate: 0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Unemployment Rate: Greek Cypriot area: 3.4%; Turkish Cypriot area: 5.6% (2003 est.)
Gross National Income: US$12,220 (1999, World Bank)
Export Commodities: Greek Cypriot area: citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing and cigarettes; Turkish Cypriot area: citrus, potatoes, textiles
Export Partners: UK 24.4%, France 11%, Germany 7.2%, Greece 6.4% (2003 est.)
Import Commodities: Greek Cypriot area: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment; Turkish Cypriot area: food, minerals, chemicals, machinery
Import Partners: Russia 36.3%, Greece 6.5%, UK 5.3%, Germany 5.2%, Italy 5.1%, France 4.8% (2003 est.)
Natural Resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Public Television: Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)
Public Radio: Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)
Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of WorldAtlas.com.
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