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Cyprus - Facts and Information

Guest Author - Lisa Shea

Short Name: Cyprus

Long Name: Republic of Cyprus (the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus)

Member of European Union: Yes, 2004

International Dialing Code: +357

Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia to Greek Cypriots, Lefkosa to Turkish Cypriots

National Tourist Office: Cyprus Tourism Organization

Foreign Embassies in Cyprus: Australia | Canada | U.K. | U.S.

Embassies and Visa Information: In Australia | In Canada | In the U.K. | In the U.S.

Nationality: Noun - Cypriot(s), Adjective -Cypriot

Government Type: Republic; a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 after a Greek junta-based coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly support a settlement based on a federation (Greek Cypriot position) or confederation (Turkish Cypriot position)

Ethnic Groups: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)

Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%

Languages: Greek, Turkish, English

Monetary Unit: 1 Cyprus pound = 100 cents; Turkish lira used in north

Area: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area) - about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

Climate: Temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Population: 775,927 (July 2004 est.)

Sex Ratio: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Median Age: 34.4 years, male 33.4 years, female 35.5 years (2004 est.)

Life Expectancy: 77.46 years, male 75.11 years, female 79.92 years (2004 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.55% (2004 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate: Greek Cypriot area: 3.4%; Turkish Cypriot area: 5.6% (2003 est.)

Gross National Income: US$12,220 (1999, World Bank)

Export Commodities: Greek Cypriot area: citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing and cigarettes; Turkish Cypriot area: citrus, potatoes, textiles

Export Partners: UK 24.4%, France 11%, Germany 7.2%, Greece 6.4% (2003 est.)

Import Commodities: Greek Cypriot area: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment; Turkish Cypriot area: food, minerals, chemicals, machinery

Import Partners: Russia 36.3%, Greece 6.5%, UK 5.3%, Germany 5.2%, Italy 5.1%, France 4.8% (2003 est.)

Natural Resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

Public Television: Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)

Public Radio: Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)

Countries of Europe - Facts and Information
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
Faroe Islands | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Greenland
Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania
Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands
Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino
Serbia & Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden
Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City

Graphics and statistics are public domain courtesy of The CIA World Factbook.
Outline map courtesy of

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Turkey - Facts and Information
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Content copyright © 2018 by Lisa Shea. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Lisa Shea. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.


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