logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel
Southwest USA
Irish Culture
Home Finance


dailyclick
All times in EST

Full Schedule
g
g Reptiles and Amphibians Site

BellaOnline's Reptiles and Amphibians Editor

g

Metabolic Bone Disease

Guest Author - Christina Borders

Written by a previous editor: Christina Borders

MBD has become an all too common mantra in the reptile world. Here's a look at the whys and hows.

What is it? :
Metabolic bone disease, or MBD, is a term used to describe several different issues related to an imbalance or absence of vitamin D3, calcium, and phosphorus. These three elements work together to provide bone development and regeneration and are essential for proper muscle contraction and the clotting of blood.

What are the symptoms? :
You may notice hard lumps in the legs and lumps and bumps along the back and tail as well. Another indicative sign is softening or swelling of the lower jaw. The preceding symptoms are more often felt before they are visually caught, so careful physical exams are important. Other more obvious signs are an off balance and jerky movement when the animal is moving, shaking when it’s held, and tremors and twitches of the legs and toes when at rest.

In a more progressed case of MBD, constipation, lethargy, and an inability to climb (in arboreal herps), broken bones, and severe weight loss are found. Eventually the animal will get to the point where it is only able to drag itself around.

Reptiles Commonly Affected:
Unfortunately, due to ignorance and availability, the green Iguana (iguana iguana) is most commonly affected with MBD. MBD is also seen in other lizards and chameleons and can affect any reptile, especially when the owner is ill educated on proper care and diet.

Treatment :
In the early stages to a moderate case of MBD, you should seek veterinary assistance. An improved diet, correct temperatures and light exposure, as well as ‘high powered’ doses of calcium (not available in stores) are required. In extremely mild cases, where symptoms are barely noticeable, all that may be required is a proper diet and change of environment.

Preventive Medicine:
Metabolic Bone Diseases are very easy to prevent. Be sure to educate yourself fully on all the dietary and lighting needs of your reptile pet. Knowledge is power. Feeding a proper diet, suited to the needs of your pet is most important. For example, for many iguanas, cat food and iceberg lettuce make up their meals- this is completely unacceptable and will most assuredly allow MBD to lay claim to another victim. Iguanas are herbivores(plant eaters) and should be fed a varied diet that includes leafy greens (NOT iceberg lettuce), squash, green beans, and fruits and melons such as cantaloupe and berries. These foods should be supplemented with a calcium and vitamin supplement like Rep-Cal, made specifically for reptiles. Omnivorous and carnivorous herps, such as snakes, geckos, and monitors should be fed ONLY captive bred prey and insects should be gut loaded for several days before feeding to your pet. You can even dust crickets, mealworms, etc with a cal/vitamin supplement prior to feeding.
While it is possible to provide TOO much calcium, this is rarely seen. Use common sense and follow package directions and the advice of professionals and you and your reptile should be just fine.
This site needs an editor - click to learn more!

Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Twitter Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Facebook Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to MySpace Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Del.icio.us Digg Metabolic+Bone+Disease Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Yahoo My Web Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Google Bookmarks Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Stumbleupon Add Metabolic+Bone+Disease to Reddit




RSS | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Previous Features | Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Reptiles and Amphibians Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Christina Borders. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Christina Borders. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact BellaOnline Administration for details.

g


g features
The Mexican Axolotl

The Loggerhead Sea Turtle

The Spring Peeper

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor