logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel
Southwest USA
Irish Culture


dailyclick
All times in EST

Full Schedule
g
g Orchids Site

BellaOnline's Orchids Editor

g

Facts about Orchids


Scientifically speaking, orchids are part of the Plant Kingdom, coming under the Order Asparagales and are included in the family Orchidaceae. They are considered as one of the largest groups of flowering plants. Though, due to their uniqueness and having some of the most beautiful flowers in the world, we can safely put orchids on one side and rest of the plant kingdom on the other side.

Taxonomically for orchids, the field is still open for newer inputs. Earlier the morphology, sometimes phenology were the two aspects taken in consideration while classifying orchids, but now their genetic makeup has taken up preference over the other two. Their genetic mapping is being used to group them under various genuses. With each genus possessing unique features, different aspects of orchid study can almost be treated as separate subject.

Orchid ecology or morphology or phenology or even propagation have quite a wide scope for study. Orchids can be seen growing in almost every corner of the world, in every kind of habitat and under different climatic conditions.

Adapted to a wide range of habitats/environmental conditions, this family includes plants having variable morphology. Many epiphytic orchids have aerial roots, which apart from helping the orchid cling to the host tree perform other functions also. They possess a special thick and spongy tissue called velamen, which absorbs and stores water. Being green these also perform photosynthesis. Some orchids have thin mesh-like roots which in case of epiphytes hold rain water and debris such as dead leaves, animal droppings etc. The roots of terrestrial orchids are mostly fibrous, but in some orchids act as storage areas for food, forming rhizomes/pseudobulbs etc (Phaius tankervilleae). Though terrestrial orchids quite often do not need much reserve food material, as they get their needs fulfilled from the soil in which they are growing, unlike the epiphytes.

According to the type of stem growth, orchids are grouped into sympodials and monopodials. The first group is more primitive of the two. Sympodials have a creeping habit, where the terminal bud dies. The growth is then continued by the lateral bud, which sends out erect leaf bearing shoots. In the monopodials the terminal bud remains active, resulting in continuously growing stem, which has rooted internodes. Many of the monopodial orchids have swollen stems, called the pseudobulbs. Pseudobulbs mostly occur in epiphytic monopodials and serve as a reservoir of stored food material and water.

Orchids have different kinds of leaf adaptations. They may have annual or perennial leaves. In an orchid, the leaf structure is decided by the habit of the plant. They can be thick and fleshy or thin, corresponding to sunny or a shady habitat. Leaves of epiphytic orchids sometimes possess tiny hair like structures called trichomes or have lesser number of stomata as an adaptation for conservation of water.

The most interesting organ of the orchids is its flower. In orchid flowers, the sepals and petals are similar looking, so they are sometimes referred to as tepals. These are generally brightly coloured, and are present in sets of three. One tepal (petal) present on the lower side is modified to act as a support to the pollinating vector. It is referred to as labellum or lip, it is this unique feature which adds mystique to the orchid flowers. The anther and the stamen are fused together to form a single structure called the column.

There are many different ways to propagate orchids. You can multiply your orchids firstly by conventional seedling method (though it is the most difficult method of all!), secondly through separating pseudobulbs or pseudostems or kiekies or rhizomes and thirdly through tissue culture techniques.

For questions, all are welcome to either mail your queries to me or you can join our Orchid Forum and get some interesting answers. Till then happy orchid growing :-)
Add Facts+about+Orchids to Twitter Add Facts+about+Orchids to Facebook Add Facts+about+Orchids to MySpace Add Facts+about+Orchids to Del.icio.us Digg Facts+about+Orchids Add Facts+about+Orchids to Yahoo My Web Add Facts+about+Orchids to Google Bookmarks Add Facts+about+Orchids to Stumbleupon Add Facts+about+Orchids to Reddit




Orchids- A Brief Introduction
Orchid Ecology
Orchid Flowering in Nature
RSS
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Orchids Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Anu Dubey Dharmani. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Anu Dubey Dharmani. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Anu Dubey Dharmani for details.

g


g features
Wild Orchids - Not for Orchid Growers

Orchids and Humidity

Scale Insects-Infestation and Control

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor