Chad Country Facts
Alternate Names: Chad
Former Names: French Equatorial Africa
Capital City: N'Djamena
Flag: The flag has three vertical bands - blue, yellow and red. The blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and water. The yellow represents the sun and the desert. The red represents progress, unity and sacrifice as well as the blood shed for independence.
Date of Independence: August 11, 1960 (from France)
National Anthem: "La Tchadienne" (The Chadian Hymn)
Size/Area: 496,000 square miles - slightly more than three times the size of California.
Land Locked: Yes
Coastline: 0 miles
Bordering Countries: Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger
Administrative Divisions: Chad is divided into 22 regions. Those regions are: Batha, Chari-Baguirmi, Hadjer-Lamis, Wadi Fira, Bahr el Gazel, Borkou, Ennedi, Guéra, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddaï, Salamat, Sila, Tandjilé, Tibesti, and N'Djamena.
Major Cities: N'Djamena, Moundou, Abeche, Sarh, Bongor, Faya.
Languages: French and Arabic (official). Sara (in the south). More than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects.
Religions: Muslim, Roman Catholic, Protestant, animist, and atheist.
Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Easter Monday, Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (Aug 11), All Saints Day (Nov 1), Republic Day (Nov 28), , Freedom and Democracy Day (Dec 1), Christmas Day (Dec 25), Prophet's Birthday, End of Ramadan, Feast of the Sacrifice
Currency: Central African CFA franc
Currency Code: (XAF)
Highest Point: Emi Koussi at 11,204 feet
Lowest Point: Djourab at 525 feet
Bordering Bodies of Water: Lake Chad
Climate: Southern Chad has a tropical climate while northern Chad is mainly desert.
Major Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Major Agricultural Products: cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore
Time Zone: WAT (UTC+1)
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