Equatorial Guinea Country Facts
Alternate Names: Equatorial Guinea
Former Names: Spanish Guinea
Capital City: Malabo
Flag: The flag of Equatorial Guinea has three equal horizontal bands of green (on the top), white, and red. It has a blue isosceles triangle with its base on the hoist side. The coat of arms is centered in the white band. The coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and the five islands) above a gray shield that has a silk-cotton tree. Below the tree is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice).
Date of Independence: October 12, 1968 from Spain
National Anthem: "Let Us Walk the Path of our Immense Happiness"
Size/Area: 28,051 sq km - Slightly smaller than Maryland
Land Locked: No
Coastline: 296 km
Bordering Countries: Cameroon and Gabon
Administrative Divisions: Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces: Annobón Province, Bioko Norte Province, Bioko Sur Province, Centro Sur Province, Kié-Ntem Province, Litoral Province, Wele-Nzas Province
Major Cities: Malabo
Languages: Spanish, French, Fang, Bubi
Religions: Roman Catholic, Christian, and pagan practices
Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Women's Day (Mar 8), Good Friday, Labour Day (May 1), Africa Day (May 25), President's Day (June 5), Corpus Christi (June 7), Armed Forces Day (Aug 3), Constitution Day (Aug 15), Independence Day (Oct 12), Christmas Day
Currency: Central African CFA franc
Currency Code: XAF
Highest Point: Pico Basile at 3,008 m
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean at 0 feet
Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean
Climate: The climate is tropical with distinct wet and dry seasons. Rio Muni's dry season is from June to August with the wet season occuring from December to February. In Bioko, the wet and dry seasons are reversed.
Major Industries: Petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling
Major Agricultural Products: Coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava, bananas, palm oil nuts, livestock, and timber
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand, gravel, clay
Time Zone: UTC +1
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