Cameroon Country Facts

Cameroon Country Facts
Official Name: Republic of Cameroon

Alternate Names: Cameroon

Former Names: Rio dos Camarões (River of Prawns), Adamawa Emirate, Republic of Cameroun, French Cameroun, British Cameroons, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon

Capital City: Yaoundé

Cameroon FlagFlag: The flag has three vertical stripes one each of green, red and yellow. There is a five-pointed star in the center of the red stripe. The size of the central star tends to vary but it is always centered inside the center red stripe. The red represents unity.

Date of Independence: January 1, 1960 from France. On October 1, 1961 the British Southern Cameroons united with the former French Cameroun.

National Anthem: Liberté (Freedom)

Population: 20,129,878

Size/Area: 295,424 square miles. Cameroon is slightly larger than California.

Land Locked: No

Coastline: 249 miles

Bordering Countries: Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo.

Cameroon MapAdministrative Divisions: Cameroon has 10 provinces - Adamawa, Centre, East, Far North, Littoral, North, Northwest, South, Southwest, and West. Each province is further broken down into departments.

Major Cities: Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua.

Languages: English (Official), French (Official),

Religions: Christianity, Islam, Indigenous, other.

Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Eid Milad Nabi (Prophet's Anniversary), Youth Day (Feb 11), Easter, Labour Day (May 1), Ascension, National Day (May 20), Sheep Festival (May 21), Ascension of the Prophet, Assumption, Djoulde Soumae (End of Ramadan), Unification Day (Oct 1), Eid Al Adha (Festival of Sacrifice), Hijra (Islamic New Year), Christmas (Dec 25)

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Currency Code: XAF

Highest Point: Fako on Mt. Cameroon at 13435 feet

Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean at 0 feet

Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean

Climate: Cameroon's climate is tropical. The south near the coastline is humid. The climate becomes progressively drier as one moves northward.

Major Industries: Petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, and ship repair

Major Agricultural Products: Coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, cassava, livestock, and timber

Natural Resources: Petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, and hydropower

Time Zone: WAT (UTC +1)

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