Rwanda Country Facts
Alternate Names: Rwanda, Republika y'u Rwanda
Former Names: Ruanda, German East Africa
Capital City: Kigali
Flag: The Rwandan flag has three horizontal bands. One sky blue of double width on top, then yellow and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays.
Date of Independence: July 1, 1962 from Belgium
National Anthem: "Rwanda Nziza" (Rwanda, Our Beautiful Country)
Size/Area: 26,338 sq km, slightly smaller than Maryland
Land Locked: Yes
Bordering Countries: Burundi, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda
Administrative Divisions: 4 provinces and 1 city. Provinces: Est (Eastern), Nord (Northern), Ouest (Western), Sud (Southern). City: Kigali
Major Cities: Butare, Gisenyi, Kibungo, Ruhengeri, Kigali
Languages: Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili)
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Adventist, Muslim, indigenous beliefs
Major Holidays: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Heroes' Day (Feb 1), Genocide Memorial Day (Apr 7), Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (July 1), Liberation Day (July 4), Patriotism Day (Oct 1), Christmas Day, Boxing Day.
Currency: Rwandan Francs
Currency Code: RWF
Highest Point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m
Lowest Point: Rusizi River 950 m
Bordering Bodies of Water: Lake Kivu
Climate: Rwanda has two rainy seasons and two dry seasons. The short rains lasts from October through November, and the long rains last from mid-March to the end of May. The average daytime temperature is 76° F (24° C).
Major Industries: Pottery, wicker baskets, bricks, shoes, tile, insecticide, cigars, beer, wine, soft drinks, metal products, assembled radios, textile mills, soap factories, auto repair shops, a match factory, a pyrethrum refinery, and plants for producing paint, cement, pharmaceuticals, and furniture.
Major Agricultural Products: Plantains, sweet potatoes, cassava, potatoes, dry beans, sorghum, corn, sugarcane, coffee and tea.
Natural Resources: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Time Zone: UTC +2
Interesting Facts: Rwanda is the most densely populated country in Africa.
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