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Eritrea Country Facts

Guest Author - Jeanne Egbosiuba Ukwendu

Official Name: State of Eritrea

Alternate Names: Eritrea

Former Names: Eritrea Autonomous Region in Ethiopia

Capital City: Asmara


This flag can be purchased
at AfricaImports.com
Flag: Red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle

Date of Independence: May 24, 1993 (from Ethiopia)

National Anthem: Eritrean National Anthem

Population: 4,362,254


Size/Area: 93,680 sq km. slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land Locked: no

Coastline: 2,234 km

Bordering Countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan

Administrative Divisions: 6 regions (regions, singular - region); Central, Anelba, Southern Red Sea, Northern Red Sea, Southern, Gash-Barka

Major Cities: Massawa, Aseb

Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Major Holidays: Liberation Day (May 24), New Year's Day, Women's Day (March 8), Martyr's Day (June 20), Start of the Armed Struggle (September 1)

Currency: nakfa

Currency Code: ERN

Highest Point: Soira 3,018 m

Lowest Point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 m

Bordering Bodies of Water: Red Sea

Bodies of Water: Red Sea

Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually); semiarid in western hills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except in coastal desert

Major Industries: food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles

Major Agricultural Products: sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish

Natural Resources:gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

Tribes of Africa eBook

This eBook is the most complete listing of African tribes available on the internet. The first section of this book is the tribes sorted alphabetically by country. The second section is the tribes sorted alphabetically by tribe name.


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More about Eastern Africa
Tribes of Africa from Djibouti through Ivory Coast
Tribes of Africa eBook
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Content copyright © 2014 by Jeanne Egbosiuba Ukwendu. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Jeanne Egbosiuba Ukwendu. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Dawn Denton for details.

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