Tanzania Country Facts
Alternate Names: Tanzania
Former Names:United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Capital City: Dodoma
Date of Independence: April 26,1964 (National Day); Tanganyika became independent December 9, 1961 from a UK-administered UN trusteeship; Zanzibar became independent December 19, 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar April 26, 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania October 29, 1964
National Anthem: Mungu Ibariki Afrika (God Bless Africa)
Population: 35 million
Size/Area: 365,000 sq miles (including the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar) — about twice the size of California
Land Locked: No
Coastline: 1,424 km
Bordering Countries: Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique
Administrative Divisions: 25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kagera, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West
Major Cities: Dar es Salaam, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mwanza, Zanzibar
Languages: Swahili (official) and English; some Arabic is also spoken in Zanzibar
Religions: Mainland - Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar — more than 99% Muslim
Major Holidays: Saba Saba Day, July 7. Also called Peasants' Day.
Union Day, April 26. Commemorates the unification of Zanzibar and Tanganyika in 1964.
Naming Day, October 29. The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar officially changed its name to the United Republic of Tanzania on October 29, 1964.
Independence Day, December 9.
Heroes' Day, September 1. Dedicated to the heroes who defended the nation against colonization, and the Tanzania Defense Force.
Sultan's Birthday, August 26. Observed in Zanzibar.
Zanzibar Revolution Day, January 12.
Chama Cha Mapinduzi Day, February 5. Birthday of Chama Cha Mapinduzi.
Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labor Day (May 1), Christmas, Mouloud, Id al-Fitr, Id al-Hajj (Id al-Adha).
Currency: Tanzanian Shillings
Currency Code: TZS
Highest Point: Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895 meters above sea-level
Lowest Point: Indian Ocean, 0 m
Bordering Bodies of Water: Indian Ocean and Lake Nyasa
Bodies of Water: Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika
Climate: Varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands. The rainy seasons are from November to early January and from March to May.
Major Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt
Major Agricultural Products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Natural Resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Native Animals: Lion, giraffe, hippopotamus, elephant, colobus monkeys, wildebeest, zebra, rhinos, cape buffaloes, leopards, jackals, hyenas, baboons, vervet monkeys, impalas
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