Guest Author - Vance Rowe
The Detroit Partnership is a reputed criminal organization and part of the American Mafia. It is one of the oldest organizations reportedly still active today and under the same boss since 1979. The first boss of the criminal organization was a man named Vito Adamo. Adamo started out as part of the extortionist gang, the Black Hand, along with his brother, Salvatore. The Adamo brothers ruled the Little Italy section of Detroit. Their main source of money came from the illegal beer and alcohol they sold in Little Italy, but, they also had their hands in other ventures such as extortion of the local merchants. The Partnership also had its legitimate businesses such as waste management, construction, restaurants, just to name a few.
Vito and Salvatore ran Detroit until 1913 when they were gunned down by their home by unknown gunmen but speculation was that the Gianollo brothers had their hand in it as they were a warring faction to the Adamos. The Gianollos then ran the Detroit Partnership. They would soon join forces with a man from Wyandotte Michigan named John Vitale. They were feared by everyone in Detroit and remained a powerful crime organization until 1918 when Vitale left the Gianollos to align himself with an almost defunct criminal organization called the Bosco Group. The Boscos then went to war with the Gianollos for the power struggle and the war was dubbed the, Gianollo-Vitale War. Many people in both organizations died from this war as well as a police officer. When it was all said and done and there was no clear victor, the rival factions signed a peace pact and they signed it in blood.
Between 1908 and 1979, there have been many bosses in the Detroit Partnership but none was boss longer than a man named Giacomo “Jack” Tocco. Tocco is still reportedly the boss of the organization today. Tocco was the original “Teflon Don”; as he spent a majority of his tenure, out of jail. It wasn’t until 1996 that he was convicted of two counts of conspiracy under the RICO Act and one count of conspiracy that fell under the guidelines of the Hobbs Act. He was facing thirty years for his convictions but was sentenced to one year and one day. Probably “a day” because in most states, if not all, anyone sentenced to a year or less would serve their time in county jail so a day over a year would force him to go to prison. However, that is my own personal conjecture.
However after appeals from the attorney general, whose office thought the sentence was too lenient, Jack Tocco was sentenced to thirty-four months and was released in early 2000. Now he is on about eighty-one years old and is still thought to be the boss of the criminal organization that is still said to be in business after a hundred years, the Detroit Partnership. One of the oldest criminal organizations that is still possibly active today that you have probably never heard of.