logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel
Southwest USA


dailyclick
All times in EST

Autism Spectrum Disorders: 4:00 PM

Full Schedule
g
g Today in History Site

BellaOnline's Today in History Editor

g

Gettysburg Address (November 19, 1863)

Guest Author - Christa Mackey

Seven sentences don’t seem like much. A mere 242 words—less than what Google will pick up on a search on the internet—changed a Nation. In 1863, the Civil War threatened to rip a young United States apart. The very fabric of her being was being torn by those who held to ideals of cessation, slavery, and States rights and those who held to unification, equal rights, and democracy. The turning point of that controversy came July 4, 1863, in Gettysburg, PA.

For three days, a battle that was never intended raged between Union troops and Confederate troops. The aftermath and death toll of the three-day battle reached upwards of 7,500 people. North and South alike lay on the battlefield which encompassed the entire town of Gettysburg. The inhabitants wanted to honor the dead—burry them properly. They had sought to purchase land for a cemetery and have the fallen’s families pay for the burials. One man, however, decided that it would not be as honorable for those who could not afford the funerals. Instead, David Willis petitioned the Governor of Pennsylvania to have a National Cemetery to honor the fallen of the Civil War. He was granted permission, and he purchased the original 17-acres.

He wanted to have the cemetery dedicated in October, but the person he wanted to have speak—Edward Everett—would not be able to have a speech prepared in the brief amount of time. The date was pushed back and set for November 19, 1863.

Everett was a well-known orator of the time. He held many high positions through out his career and had been very well noted for his speaking ability. He prepared his 13,000 plus word speech to dedicated and consecrate the cemetery.

Willis decided to invite the President of the United States, as well, to give official sanction. President Lincoln agreed and began to plot what he would say.

On that cold November day, Everett took the stage and began to speak. For two hours, he went on about the significance of the war, the honor of the fallen, and gloriousness of the nation that would rise up from the tragedy of war. When he concluded, applause erupted and people were moved to tears. From an analytical standpoint, Mr. Everett focused on the pathos and logos of his speech—the emotional and thought-evoking appeals.

President Lincoln took the stage and stared out at his audience. He began to speak the seven sentences that—at the time, were ill-received, but—have become widely known. The second Gettysburg Address recalled items from the Declaration of Independence--Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation,--as well as the current situation--Now we are engaged in a great Civil War--and called the people to look to the future for their survival.

Seven sentences. Two hundred forty-two words. There was no applause. There were no cheers. Everett spent two hours detailing the three-day battle and the sacrifices made by each man. Lincoln—the President of the United States—never once mentioned any names or even the issue of slavery. Lincoln simply spoke to the ethos—the embodiment of his words—the logos and the pathos would not be realized for years to come. The seven most important words in the history of the United States were nearly forgotten. Today, those 13,000 plus words that Everett spoke preceding Lincoln’s speech are rarely even mentioned. His detailed recounting of the horrors of the three-day Battle of Gettysburg have faded from history and in their place, the 242 words from a President who’s term was laced with controversy and ended unwillfully at the hands of an assassin.

For more information on the analysis of the speech, please visit the following links:
Rhetorical Analysis
English Rhetoric

For more historical information on the background for the speech, please visit the following links:
Wikipedia (recommended)
The History Place
How Stuff Works (also offers an analysis of the speech)
Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Twitter Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Facebook Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to MySpace Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Del.icio.us Digg Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Yahoo My Web Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Google Bookmarks Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Stumbleupon Add Gettysburg+Address+%28November+19%2C+1863%29 to Reddit




Election History (November 4)
I Have a Dream... (August 28, 1963)
The 15-1/2 President (February 18, 1861)
RSS
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Today in History Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Christa Mackey. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Christa Mackey. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Vance R. Rowe for details.

g


g features
The First Signature Serial Killer

Remembering 9/11

Michael Clarke Duncan

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor