logo
g Text Version
Beauty & Self
Books & Music
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Food & Wine
Health & Fitness
Hobbies & Crafts
Home & Garden
Money
News & Politics
Relationships
Religion & Spirituality
Sports
Travel & Culture
TV & Movies

dailyclick
Bored? Games!
Nutrition
Postcards
Take a Quiz
Rate My Photo

new
European Travel
Action Movies
Bible Basics
Houseplants
Romance Movies
Creativity
Family Travel


dailyclick
All times in EST

Full Schedule
g
g Today in History Site

BellaOnline's Today in History Editor

g

Andrew Johnson Born December 29

Guest Author - Carol Taller

Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the United States, was the least educated president to hold office. He was the only president not to have any schooling, and he was 17 years old before his wife taught him to read. He was also the first president to be impeached, and he was acquitted in the senate by just one vote.

Johnson was born in Raleigh, NC on December 29, 1808. His father died when he was three years old, and by the time he was 14 he was apprenticed to a tailor. At age 16 he settled in Greensville, Tennessee and eventually set up his own tailor shop.

He met his future wife, Eliza McCardle, here in Tennessee. Eliza helped him to improve his reading, writing and mathematics. Together they had five children, and his tailor shop prospered into a favored meeting place for town people to gather and discuss politics. Johnson became the leader of the group and discovered that he had a flair for public speaking.

Johnson entered the political arena. He stood up for small merchants and local farmers, and enjoyed a rapid rise from mayor to congressman, to governor, to senator. He was a Democrat in favor of the Civil War, which gained the attention of President Lincoln. Hoping to win votes from Democrats, Lincoln (a Republican) named Johnson the military governor of Tennessee. Two years later, in 1864, President Lincoln named Johnson as vice presidential running mate and they won the election.

On April 15, 1865 he took the oath of office as President of the United States after President Lincoln was assassinated. Intense disagreements began between Johnson and Radical Republicans. The Radicals wanted to grant full citizen rights to the slaves including voting rights. They were afraid that Southern Whites would somehow preserve the old slavery system after the war.

Radical Republicans gained strength in Congress and were the majority by the end of 1866. Johnson believed the Radical Republicans were invading stateís rights and would cause racial unrest. This disagreement led to many personal attacks. Johnsonís power dwindled. Eventually papers were written up to impeach the 17th president, Andrew Johnson.

The court failed to convict Johnson. The vote was 35 to 19; one short of the constitutional two thirds required to remove Johnson from office. Although much of Johnsonís tenure in office consisted of fighting with a group of people over Civil Right Issues, he did achieve progress with foreign relations: the United States purchased the state of Alaskan 1867 under the negotiations of Secretary of State William Seward.

Upon completion of his term Johnson returned home to the Senate in Tennessee, but he died a few months later.

A fascinating letter that Johnson wrote to his wife can be seen here:
http://www.americanpresidents.org/letters/17.asp
Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Twitter Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Facebook Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to MySpace Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Del.icio.us Digg Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Yahoo My Web Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Google Bookmarks Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Stumbleupon Add Andrew+Johnson+Born+December+29 to Reddit




Johnson's Letter to his wife
RSS
Related Articles
Editor's Picks Articles
Top Ten Articles
Previous Features
Site Map


For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Today in History Newsletter


Past Issues


print
Printer Friendly
bookmark
Bookmark
tell friend
Tell a Friend
forum
Forum
email
Email Editor


Content copyright © 2014 by Carol Taller. All rights reserved.
This content was written by Carol Taller. If you wish to use this content in any manner, you need written permission. Contact Vance R. Rowe for details.

g


g features
The Amityville Horror

The Great Wisconsin Fire

Sandra Day O'Connor

Archives | Site Map

forum
Forum
email
Contact

Past Issues
memberscenter


vote
Poetry
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Less than Monthly



BellaOnline on Facebook
g


| About BellaOnline | Privacy Policy | Advertising | Become an Editor |
Website copyright © 2014 Minerva WebWorks LLC. All rights reserved.


BellaOnline Editor