What Is The International Baccalaureate Programme?
Designed as a comprehensive two-year curriculum for students age 16 to 19, the Dipolma programme is eclectic in its use of elements from the educational systems of other countries. Incorporating components of several countries, the curriculum maximizes students’ choice as favored by American schools, offers depth and breadth of advanced content as seen in British schools, and emphasizes major categories of study such as arts, sciences, and technologies common in French systems (Bruce, 1987; Poelzer & Feldhusen, 1997). The core curriculum consists of three elements: theory of knowledge; creativity, action, and service activities; and extended essay. From that core, six domains emerge:
~ Language A1 – the study of the student’s primary spoken language;
~ Second Language - a second language or in the case of bilingual students, a second language at the A level; languages offered include both modern and classical language options;
~ Individuals and Society - encompassing subjects such as history; geography; economics; philosophy; psychology; social anthropology; business and organization; and information technology in a global society;
~ Experimental Science - includes biology, chemistry, physics, environmental systems, and design technology;
~ Mathematics and Computer Science - covers algebra II through calculus and discrete mathematics along with computer science courses; and
~ The Arts - including visual arts, music and theater arts.
A growing number of university admission committees worldwide recognize the IB credentials. In the United States, over 700 colleges and universities recognize the IB diploma while several hundred do so internationally across more than 30 countries.
Nugent, S. & karens, F. (2002). The Advanced Placement Program and the International Baccalaureate Programme: A history and update. Gifted Child Today, 25(1), 30-39.
Poelzer, G., & Feldhusen, J. (1997). The International Baccalaureate program: A program for gifted secondary education. Roeper Review, 19, 168-171.
Clayton, M. (1998, January 21). World-class rigor spreads in US high schools. Christian Science Monitor, 90(38) p. 12.
Tookey, M. (2000). The International Baccalaureate. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 11, 52-63.
Bruce, M. (1987, September). High school graduatation, international style. Phi Delta Kappan, 69(1), 79-81.
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