Healthy Cholesterol Count Info and Guidelines

Healthy Cholesterol Count Info and Guidelines
A high cholesterol count has been shown to be a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) - the number one killer (by far) in the country. In fact, over 60 million people in America suffer from it and more than a million die each year from CVD. That¡¦s more deaths than the next seven diseases combined - including cancer.

What is a healthy cholesterol count? The American Heart Association recommends the following:
  • 240 mg/dl and over - high risk

  • 200 - 239 mg/dl - borderline risk

  • less than 200 mg/dl - desirable
A count of over 240 is definitely high and puts a person at a much greater risk of stroke and heart attack. In fact, people with counts over 240 have twice the risk of heart disease as those with a count of 200. But, recent research shows that nearly one-third of all heart attacks happen to people with 150 to 200 mg/dl. So, it's only when the count is below 150 that heart attack virtually ceases to be a threat.

However, the total cholesterol count is only part of the picture when determining CVD risk. There's also "bad" and "good" cholesterol. You want to have a low "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) count and a high "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) count. A total LDL count under 130 and a total HDL over 40 are considered healthy.

The ratio of "bad" LDL divided by "good" HDL is another important factor. A ratio less than 3 to 1 is considered very good, while a ratio over 3.5 to 1 is considered risky. For example, a person could have a high total count and a low LDL/HDL ratio and not be at risk. Or a low total count and a high ratio and be at risk.

Triglyceride counts should also be considered. Though some consider triglyceride levels to be controversial as a risk factor, many others think triglycerides to be the most important factor. These are their recommended guidelines:
  • 500 mg/dl or higher - very high risk

  • 200 - 499 mg/dl - high risk

  • 150 - 199 mg/dl - borderline high risk

  • less than 149 mg/dl - normal
According to the American Heart Association, everyone over the age of 20 should get a complete blood lipid test every five years. If a previous test shows you may be at risk, it's recommend you have a test at least every two years. High cholesterol, high LDL to HDL ratios and high triglycerides should be taken seriously. But luckily they can usually be managed naturally by making specific lifestyle changes - like eating a good diet and regular exercise.

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