Science Fairs – Help for Teachers
Science Fairs Part 1
I was searching for ideas for projects based on astronomy and space. But I also found useful material on doing projects, and a whole handbook on planning a science fair. This article became part 1 of what is a two-parter, in order to share what I found with teachers, children and parents. Part 2 is about project topics related to astronomy and space.
Preparing for a science fair includes an emphasis on scientific method, as does experimental work in the classroom. The skills involved need to be practiced in order to learn them, they don't come naturally. They include researching, organizing, presenting, communicating, and evaluating, all valuable skills.
Having trawled the Internet, I've chosen the following materials as being the most useful. In order to reduce the number of links included in this article, some of them will need you to copy + paste if you want to check them out. You may also find additional help in the forum thread for this article, as well as contribute your own experience. (Access the forum thread by clicking on Share your thoughts underneath the article.)
Scientific method and project guides
If you teach science, helping pupils learn to apply the scientific method is important. Science fairs also emphasize experimentation using the scientific method, rather than demonstration. For example, a demonstration might be something like making a model of the Solar System. It doesn't involve experiment or analysis, though I think this kind of project would still be suitable for younger pupils.
So how do we explain the scientific method? When the Fact Monster site presents it to young people, they show it as an extension of some of our thinking in everyday life. That's one approach, but you can see that the extension is the hard part. As ever, the devil is in the details. https://www.factmonster.com/cig/science-fair-projects/understanding-and-using-scientific-method
Science Buddies has a good summary of the scientific method. (I'll come back to Science Buddies in the next section.) https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/science-fair/steps-of-the-scientific-method
How about a downloadable PDF, written by science teachers and aimed at elementary school pupils? Elementary Science Fair Planning is full of useful ideas.
Unfortunately, the final page of related websites is no longer useful. I went through the list, and found that almost all of them are broken links. Exceptions are: (1) The IPL project guide is still available. However, the site is otherwise closed down, and there won't be amendments or updates. (2) Macinnes is a comprehensive site written by an Australian teacher. (3) Ted Rowan's Science Fair Primer was devised to help his own students.
Miniscience explains How to do a science project. The page also has links to an An Introductory Level Guide and An Intermediate Level Guide. Between them, they're aimed at USA grades 5 through middle school.
North Carolina A&T produced a downloadable booklet called A Student's Guide to Keeping the Science in Your Science Project. It explains to students how to do the science in an investigation. Teachers might also find this a good teaching aid.
I'm impressed with the materials Science Buddies has developed. It's a non-profit organization “that provides a website of free science project productivity tools and mentoring to support K-12 students, especially for science fairs.” It also offers tools for other areas of working on skills and literacy, and career inspiration. The site is well worth exploring for anyone teaching science.
There is a comprehensive step-by-step guide for teachers of years 6-8 planning a science fair. That includes useful forms to guide students through their projects (and even one for parents), as well as grading rubrics. In order to download a copy of the PDF guide, you need to register with the site, but it's easy and free.
One of the tools available is the topic selection wizard. I like the idea, because topics that interest students will obviously be more engaging than those that don't. But I have to admit that the wizard didn't come up with much of anything in the way of astronomy projects when I tried it out in the guise of a keen student.
NOTE: If you're interested in astronomy-related projects, there's a link below to part 2 of this article, Science Fairs - Astronomy and Space Project Ideas.
You Should Also Read:
Science Fairs - Astronomy and Space Project Ideas
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Distances in Space – Facts for Kids
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