African countries have gone through many changes in recent history. This includes their flags. The current flags have elements that represent concepts and ideas important to that country. Each flag is unique in its own way. Below are the flags for the African countries beginning with the letters D and E.
Countries Beginning With D
The current flag of Djibouti was adopted in 1977. The flag has two equal horizontal bands of light blue (on the top) and light green. There is a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side that has a red five-pointed star in the center. The color blue represents the sea and sky as well as the Issa Somali people. The color green represents the earth and the Afar people. The color white represents peace. The red star is for the struggle for independence and also stands for unity.
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Countries Beginning With E
Egypt's current flag was adopted on October 4, 1984. The flag has three equal horizontal bands of red (on the top), white, and black. The national emblem is centered in the white band. The national emblem is a gold Eagle of Saladin with a shield on its chest above a scroll thats says "Egypt" in Arabic. The colors of Egypt's flag are derived from the Arab Liberation flag.
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The current flag of Equatorial Guinea was adopted on August 21, 1979. The flag of Equatorial Guinea has three equal horizontal bands of green (on the top), white, and red. It has a blue isosceles triangle with its base on the hoist side. The coat of arms is centered in the white band. The coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and the five islands) above a gray shield that has a silk-cotton tree. Below the tree is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice). The color green represents the jungle and natural resources. The color blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands. The color white stands for peace. The color red represents the fight for independence.
The current flag of Eritrea was adopted on December 5, 1995. It has a red isosceles triangle dividing the flag into two right triangles. The upper triangle is green and the lower one is blue. A gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the red triangle. The color green represents Eritrea's agriculture economy. The color red represents the blood shed in the fight for freedom. The color blue represents the bounty of the sea. The wreath and olive branch symbol is similar to that on the first flag of Eritrea in 1952. The shape of the red triangle represents the shape of Eritrea.
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The flag of Ethiopia was adopted on February 6, 1996. The flag has three equal horizontal bands of green (on the top), yellow, and red. On a light blue circle centers on the flag is a yellow pentagram with single yellow rays emanating from between the points. The color green represents hope and the fertility of the land. The color yellow represent justice and harmony. The color red stands for sacrifice and heroism in the defense of the land. The color blue on the disk represents peace. The pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and people of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa. The three main colors of the flag (adopted in 1895) are so often adopted by other African countries that these colors became known as the Pan-African colors. The emblem in the center of the current flag was added in 1996.
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Most of these African Flags are available at AfricaImports.com
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