For ease of browsing, this glossary is divided into the following six sections:
- General Terms
- Ergonomic Equipment
- Posture & Antatomy
- Risk Factors - COMING SOON
- Common Work-Related Injuries - COMING SOON
- Ergonomic Interventions - COMING SOON
Adjustable Monitor Arm- (also called "swivel arms" or "swing arms") Monitor arms provide an adjustable arm attached to a platform on which you place your monitor so that the monitor height and distance can be easily adjusted.
Anti-Fatigue Mats: Mats or padding on the floor designed to reduce stresses on the feet and leg when standing for long periods. Cushioned insoles for shoes can be viewed as “portable anti-fatigue mats.”
Anti-glare Filter - A treated glass panel that is placed over a monitor screen to reduce glare.
Ergonomic Chairs- an adjustable office chair that allows variation for seat height, seat depth, seat width, lumbar support, backrest, armrests, and the ability to swivel. These adjustments increase comfort and positioning in supported, neutral positions. To reduce the risk of work-related injuries from long periods of time spent at a desk or on a computer.
Ergonomic Keyboard – A keyboard designed to improve comfort while typing by placing the wrists in a more natural position and the fingers in a more relaxed position. Some keyboards have a contoured design. Others have a fixed or an adjustable slant down the middle.
Ergonomic Keyboard Tray – Either fixed under the desk or adjustable on a swing arm, these keyboard trays allow for easy changes in keyboard height, tilt and distance to improve typing comfort and reduce the risk of repetitive injuries.
Mouse bridge – A flat, usually plastic surface with short legs that straddles the numeric keypad and provides a mousing surface to reduce the long reach for a mouse that does not fit on a keyboard tray.
Vertical Mouse -a mouse designed to position the hand in the neutral vertical (handshake) position.
SOURCES USED DURING THIS COMPILATION OF ERGONOMIC TERMS:
Marji Hajic is an Occupational Therapist and a Certified Hand Therapist practicing at the Hand Therapy & Occupational Fitness Center in Santa Barbara, California. For more information on hand and upper extremity injuries, prevention and recovery, visit Hand Health Resources.