The life histories of stars from birth in nebula, through the main part of their lives (the main sequence) and on to the end, possibly as a white dwarf or in a supernova explosion.
ABC of Astronomy B Is for Bok Globule
B is for Bok globule, a kind of dark nebula studied by Bart Bok. B is for Bayer who invented a handy system of star designations beginning with a Greek letter. And B is for Bailyīs beads. You wonīt find them in a jewelry shop, but you might see them in a solar eclipse, as Francis Baily did.
Heres a collection of astronomy jokes for kids, adults and geeks of all ages. Laughter helps to keep us young and healthy, so see if anything tickles your fancy. (And how *does* the Man in the Moon cut his hair?)
Bang! - The Universe Verse - book review
What would it take to explain the Big Bang Theory? James Lu Dunbarīs "Bang!" might do it - and amuse you and your children at the same time. Itīs a splendid little book which tells the story of the universe in verse and appealing graphics.
Chemical Cosmos - book review
"The Chemical Cosmos: A Guided Tour" is an astronomy book about chemistry - or perhaps a chemistry book about astronomy. Itīs an engrossing guided tour that will take you from the baby Universe through the first stars, the formation of solar systems and to our search for the origins of life.
Cosmic 4th of July
What links the USAīs Independence Day holiday, the Crab Nebula and NASAīs Deep Impact spacecraft? What links the American War of Independence with the planet Uranus? And what is the Fireworks Galaxy? Read on to find out.
We no longer see the heavens as perfect and the stars as eternal and unchanging. Even the Universe had a beginning, and everything that we observe changes and evolves. Many of these changes involve cosmic collisions.
Cosmic Ghosts, Ghouls and Vampires
Astronomers use colorful language for cosmic objects. But unlike ghosts, ghouls and vampires in horror stories, the cosmic ones arenīt scary late at night. Here are tales of the birth, evolution and death of stars, a blinking demon and a star that, at Halloween, seems like the Sunīs ghost.
Cosmic White Christmas
If youīre dreaming of a white Christmas, the cosmos may have something of interest. How about deep snow on one of Saturnīs moons, a gigantic Christmas tree whose lights are baby stars, a snowman on an asteroid or an Einstein ring?
Creepy Crawlies in Space
What was the first Earth creature to go into space? Not a dog, but a fruit fly. Insects and arachnids have been mini-astronauts for over sixty years. They have also inspired the naming of heavenly objects.
Death of a Massive Star
Massive stars are born in the same way as smaller stars like the Sun. But a massive star then burns brighter and hotter, and ends its life in one of the Universe's most stupendous explosions, a supernova. For a time, it shines as bright as entire galaxy of a billion stars.
Do Red Dwarfs Live Forever
Looking up at a clear, dark sky, you can see thousands of stars. Yet without binoculars or a telescope, the most common type of star is invisible. These are the small, cool red dwarfs that fill the sky and live practically forever.
Empire of the Stars - Book Review
A fateful meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society in London adversely affected the lives of two scientists and hindered progress in the study of black holes for a half a century. So says the author of Empire of the Stars. BellaOnlineīs astronomy editor liked the book, but wasnīt convinced.
Galactic Winter Games
Welcome to the Galactic Winter Games, a starry tribute to Earthīs Winter Olympic Games. Itīs a tour of some really cool cosmic sights as well as some hot ones, such as one of the biggest explosions in the Universe.
Gemini - the Celestial Twins
Gemini. A story of the love and loyalty of two brothers parted only by death. Includes a star thatīs actually a system of six stars, and a giant star that can help us measure distances in space. Contains an object that completely baffled astronomers for twenty years.
Georgeīs Secret Key to the Universe - book review
In Lucy & Stephen Hawkingīs book, the hero George used to have a quiet life, but now heīs trying to rescue his next door neighbor from a black hole. Hereīs a lively illustrated story, beautiful color images of the universe, and from the man who knows, a great explanation of what a black hole is.
Halloween falls midway between an equinox and a solstice. In the ancient Celtic world it was new yearīs eve and the start of winter - time to prepare for survival in the darkening days. But also a time when the boundary between our world and the otherworld weakened. Who knew what might cross it?
How the Sun Was Born Facts for Kids
The Sun didnīt exist five billion years ago. But the material to make it did. There was even enough to make a number of stars and still have material left over for planets, moons and other small bodies. What was this material, and how did it end up as stars and planets?
How the Sun Will Die - Facts for Kids
The Sun was born in a nebula five billion years ago. Itīs going to keep going for another few billion years, but it wonīt last forever. Hereīs the story of what happens to a sunlike star when it runs out of fuel. And some of it is very strange.
Icarus at the Edge of Time book review
Icarus flew too close to the Sun with wings of wood and wax. The wax melted and he fell to his death. Brian Greeneīs Icarus of the future flies too close to a black hole and finds that he should have paid more attention to Einstein.
Itīs Alive - book review
The Universe Verse is back. Book 1 was the Big Bang Theory in verse and drawings. Now stars and planets have formed, but something new is happening: Life. Book 2 is about evolution by natural selection. In its cheerful verse and lovely color drawings, itīs also a love poem to our beautiful Earth.
Life and Death of Massive Stars Facts for Kids
Stars are all born in the same way, but they live and die in different ways. A starīs mass rules how hot it will be, how long it will shine, and how it will end.
Life and Death of the Sun
In the distant future the Sun will be many times its present size and thousands of times brighter. It will seed the Galaxy with elements like carbon and oxygenperhaps for life on a world yet unborn. Then it will collapse into a tiny dead sphere. For a time, a beautiful nebula will mark its place.
Motherīs Day - An Astronomy Bouquet
Flowers from the florist are popular for Motherīs Day. But for really stellar mothers, here is a cosmic floral tribute with links to some dazzling astronomical images.
Nebulae are vast clouds of gas and dust between the stars. Some are stellar nurseries, others are remnants of dead stars.
Perseus the Hero
Perseus was a first-class hero: a demi-god, monster-slayer, maiden-rescuer, founder of Mycenae. When he died the gods put him in the sky. His constellation contains beautiful nebulae, a demon and a singing black hole.
Red Dwarfs - Ten Facts for Kids
If you go outside on a clear dark night, you might see a few thousand stars. But without a telescope, not a single one will be the most common type of star in the Universe. You wonīt see red dwarfs, the stars that will still be shining in the far distant future when all the others have died.
Smallest Star in the Universe
No one could possibly say that a star is the smallest one in the whole Universe. But the smallest known star is 2MASS J05233822-1403022, which is a pretty big name for a star thatīs about the size of Saturn. Could there be even smaller ones as yet unknown?
People once thought that stars were eternal and unchanging. Today we know that they have life cycles of birth and death. Here is the story of how a star like our Sun is born.
Stars Ten Facts for Kids
Stars are nuclear reactors. If a really big one took the Sunīs place, it would swallow up the Sun and everything as far away as Jupiter. Yet others arenīt much bigger than Jupiter. Big stars donīt live very long and die in a blaze of glory. Smaller ones live for billions of years.
The Magic Furnace - book review
What is everything made of? What makes the Sun shine? "The Magic Furnace" relates the tale of how science answered these questions. The book tells a good detective story with great characters, and clues include the Big Bang and the biggest explosions in the universe.
What Herschel Found in a Dark Nebula
Whatīs hiding within an impenetrable dark cloud in the constellation of the Eagle? A stunning stellar nursery. Find out how the Herschel Space Observatory was able to photograph it.
White dwarfs are the corpses of medium-sized stars that have run out of fuel. They typically have the mass of the Sun, while being around the size of the Earth. It's no wonder that early twentieth century astronomers were dumbfounded by them.
Who Let the Dogs out?
Someone must have left the door open, because the skies are full of dogs. You can see the dogs of Orion and the hunting dogs of the shepherd Bootes in pursuit of the Great Bear. There is also the Running Dog Nebula and the memory of poor Laika, the first cosmonaut, who perished in space.
Young Astronomers at Work Astronomy Homepage | Editor's Picks Articles | Top Ten Articles | Astronomy Site Map
Telescopes are essential for astronomy, but you donīt need one of your own. A computer can be the right instrument. Big telescopes collect data faster than professionals can process it, so amateurs can help. There is also room for individual ingenuity. See what some young astronomers have done.
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